Vietnamese coffee history

The French introduced coffee to Vietnam in 1857. In early 1900, coffee was grown in some northern provinces such as Tuyen Quang, Lang Son and Ninh Binh. Tea is also grown in the Central region, such as Nghe An and Ha Tinh provinces.
Although Tea coffee was first introduced in Vietnam, there were also many Jackfruit coffee gardens (C. Excelsa) planted during this time. It was not long before the French began to cultivate coffee gardens on the land of the Central Highlands today.
Initially, people planted tea in the Central Highlands region. In the process of growth and development, tea trees with rust are too severe to degenerate gradually. Finally, it was decided to replace Tea with Robusta coffee (C. Robusta) and Jackfruit coffee.

During the 90s of the 20th century, Vietnam's coffee production increased rapidly, mainly due to:​
- Implementing the policy of allocating land to farmers.- Coffee price increased sharply in 1994 and the period 1996-1998.
- Along with the policy of sedentary farming, many delta people have moved to live and intensify coffee in the Central Highlands. Coffee intensive farming on a large scale is most typical in the Central Highlands region. Most of the newly planted coffee gardens during this period were Robusta coffee. Dak Lak province becomes the province with the largest coffee area in Vietnam and the coffee output of Dak Lak accounts for nearly half of the country's total coffee output. That is why Dak Lak coffee is famous for its quantity, not its quality. And later was split into Dak Nong so the area narrowed but still maintained the leading position in Robusta production.
 

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